2012 Presidential Election
Pros and Cons
Video exploring critical thinking and how it leads to great citizen involvement

Notices for 2012 Election and Other ProCon.org Information - Archive

9/10/2014 – NEW ProCon.org Website! – Should students have to wear school uniforms? - Our 51st website explores the pros and cons in the debate over mandatory school uniforms. Almost one in five US public schools required students to wear uniforms during the 2011-2012 school year, up from one in eight in 2003-2004. Proponents say that school uniforms make schools safer for students, create a "level playing field" that reduces socioeconomic disparities, and encourage children to focus on their studies rather than their clothes. Opponents say school uniforms infringe upon students' right to express their individuality, have no positive effect on behavior and academic achievement, and emphasize the socioeconomic disparities they are intended to disguise.

7/25/2014 – Educators in 5,216 schools have used ProCon.org. Our free resources have been used by teachers, librarians, and administrators in all 50 US states and 66 countries. The breakdown is 1,335 elementary and middle schools (25.6%), 2,618 high schools (50.2%), and 1,263 colleges and universities (24.2%). Thank you to all the educators around the world who are helping us promote critical thinking!

7/22/2014 – ProCon.org 10th Anniversary Contests and Prizes - Help celebrate our 10th anniversary by entering our Facebook, Twitter, and Google+ contests to win a $100 Amazon gift card or a ProCon.org hat!

7/16/2014 – Over 300 Books Cite ProCon.org – 308 books have used our research, including 38 so far in 2014. Topics referenced this year include medical marijuana, euthanasia, prostitution, and gay marriage. Notable authors who have mentioned ProCon.org in their books include Glenn Beck, Mark Bittman, Newt Gingrich, Dick Morris, Condoleezza Rice, Michael Schmoker, and Tavis Smiley.

5/8/2014 Educators in over 5,000 schools have used ProCon.org. Our free resources have been used by teachers, librarians, and administrators in all 50 states and 66 countries (the latest was Egypt). The breakdown is 1,229 elementary and middle schools (24.6%), 2,547 high schools (50.9%), and 1,226 colleges and universities (24.5%). For this Teacher Appreciation Week, we say THANK YOU to the educators, our partners in promoting critical thinking, who helped us reach this milestone achievement.

3/12/2014 – NEW VIDEOCritical Thinking Video Series: Felon Voting – Should felons be allowed to vote? Some people argue that felon voting laws are unfair and racially discriminatory, while others say that felons have forfeited the right to vote by committing a crime. Explore both sides of the debate in ProCon.org's latest video.

2/5/2014 - 270 Books Citing ProCon.org - 68 books in 2013 referenced our research. Our websites on gay marriage, immigration, medical marijuana, and prostitution garnered the most citations. Notable authors who have referenced ProCon.org in their books include: Glenn Beck, Mark Bittman, Newt Gingrich, Stefan Halper, Dick Morris, Condoleezza Rice, Michael Schmoker, Tavis Smiley, and Joseph Stiglitz.

2/3/2014 - ProCon.org received 343 media references in 2013 compared to 285 in 2012. Notable 2013 media references included The Atlantic, Business Insider, CNN, Deadpsin, Forbes, The Guardian, Los Angeles Times, MSNBC, New York Times, NPR, PBS, Psychology Today, Reuters, TIME, USA Today, U.S. News & World Report, Wall Street Journal, and Washington Post.

1/30/2014 – Educators in More than 4,500 Schools in All 50 States and Over 65 Countries Use ProCon.org – We expanded the number of schools where educators use ProCon.org from 3,560 schools at the end of 2012 to 4,571 schools at the end of 2013 – an increase of 1,011 schools (28.4%). By level, those schools include: 1,053 elementary and middle schools (23%), 2,356 high schools (51.6%), and 1,162 colleges and universities (25.4%). Check out our updated resource to look up your school and nearby schools, find new lessons, learn new ways to use ProCon.org, and get inspired.

1/16/2014 - Governments That Use ProCon.org – ProCon.org is now used by 17 international governments including Ecuador, Iran, Japan, Portugal, South Korea, and Taiwan.

12/19/2013 NEW ProCon.org Website! - Should the United States continue its use of drone strikes abroad? - Our 50th website explores the pros and cons in the debate over US drone strikes. Proponents say that drones have decimated terrorist networks abroad via precise strikes with minimum civilian casualties. They contend that drones are relatively inexpensive weapons, are used under proper government oversight, and that their use helps prevent "boots on the ground" combat and makes America safer. Opponents say that drone strikes create more terrorists than they kill. They contend that drone strikes kill large numbers of civilians, violate international law, lack sufficient congressional oversight, violate the sovereignty of other nations, and make the horrors of war appear as innocuous as a video game.

12/18/2013 - Check out some great photos from our successful charity golf tournament which took place on Dec. 2nd at the Calabasas Country Club. Thank you to all our players, sponsors, and organizers.

In attendance were dozens of celebrities including: former NHL player Marty McSorley, former MLB player Royce Clayton, former NFL player Hank Baskett and his wife, reality TV star Kendra Wilkinson, senior golf pro Steve Pate, former NBA player Norm Nixon, and actors Patrick Warburton, Alan Thicke, Anthony Anderson, Ryan Merriman, Sheila Shah, Stephen Bishop, Chris Rich, Jeremy Sumpter, Christopher McDonald, Paula Trickey, Josh Morrow, Kato Kaelin, and others.

10/15/2013 – Teachers' Corner – Teachers, librarians, and administrators in more than 4,150 schools have used ProCon.org. Those educators come from all 50 states and 58 countries (including the newly-added Ukraine). 51.9% of the schools are high schools, while 22.1% are elementary and middle schools and 26.0% are colleges and universities. Please help ProCon.org by taking a few minutes to tell educators you know about our free website.

9/20/2013 - 241 Books Citing ProCon.org - We've added another 40 books to the list of published texts citing ProCon.org research. Some of the authors who used ProCon.org in their works include Glenn Beck, Mark Bittman, Newt Gingrich, Stefan Halper, Dick Morris, Condoleezza Rice, Michael Schmoker, Tavis Smiley, and Joseph Stiglitz.

9/16/2013 – How Educators Use ProCon.org – See the lesson plans, resource lists, and teaching strategies used by educators in over 4,000 schools to incorporate ProCon.org into their classrooms and libraries. Our updated resource lets you search by country, state, school, or subject.

9/13/2013 - ProCon.org and Pivot.tv Join Forces on Critical Thinking Campaign - Pivot TV, a new television network from Participant Media, selects ProCon.org as its exclusive alliance to promote critical thinking by providing research around the social issues explored in the new TV series Raising McCain, a documentary-style reality program featuring Meghan McCain, the daughter of US Senator John McCain. The show premieres Saturday, Sep. 14 at 10pm ET / 7pm PT.

7/25/2013  - Critical Thinking Quotes - Read insights on critical thinking from famous thinkers such as Plato, Einstein, Martin Luther King Jr., and Thomas Jefferson.

7/22/2013 – ProCon.org Used by Educators in over 4,000 Schools - Teachers, librarians, and educational administrators at 806 elementary schools, 2,063 high schools, and 1,055 colleges and universities in all 50 states and 57 countries have used ProCon.org. Read their lesson plans, resource lists, and experiences in our Teachers’ Corner. Thank you, educators, for helping to propel ProCon.org past a new milestone.

6/13/2013 – Critical Thinking Explained – What is critical thinking, and why is it so important? This episode of ProCon.org's Critical Thinking Video Series explores the ways critical thinking cuts through confusion, encourages citizen involvement, and leads to a stronger democracy.

6/7/2013 – New study shows students who discuss/debate controversial issues get higher NAEP test scores – See this and other studies showing the importance of teaching controversial issues to stimulate critical thinking, education, and informed citizenship.

5/8/2013 - Governments That Use ProCon.org – The 11 international governments that have used ProCon.org include Australia, Canada, Israel, Palestinian territories, Philippines, and South Africa. Plus ProCon.org has been used by 27 US state governments and 14 US federal entities.

5/7/2013 - 221 Books Citing ProCon.org - We've added another 26 books to the list of published texts citing ProCon.org research. Some of the authors who used ProCon.org include Mark Bittman, Newt Gingrich, Condoleezza Rice, Michael Schmoker, Tavis Smiley, and Joseph Stiglitz.

4/19/2013 - Which topic should we pick next? – Please take our brief survey and let us know which issues you would like ProCon.org to research next.

4/18/2013 – Educators in over 3,750 schools in all 50 US states and 56 countries use ProCon.org. 819 elementary and middle schools, 1,926 high schools, and 1,010 colleges and universities use our free nonpartisan research to stimulate critical thinking. The newest international schools using ProCon.org are in Angola, India, and Oman.

4/12/2013 - Reader Survey results – Our survey helped us learn the age, gender, and political affiliation of 1,032 ProCon.org readers. We also learned that 36.7% of respondents changed their "perceptions, feelings, or opinions on an issue" based on what they learned at ProCon.org and that 87.2% reported that they "enjoyed their experience" at ProCon.org. Thank you to all the survey participants.

4/12/2013 – Student Video Contest Highlights – We posted a 3-minute highlight reel from our 2012 Student Video Contest where each student shows why he/she loves ProCon.org. Thanks, students!

3/22/2013  - ProCon.org and the March of Dimes Canada held a celebrity golf tournament on March 2, 2013 to raise money for our charities. See dozens of our celebrity golf tournament photos and watch the celebrity golf tournament videos on our YouTube channel.

2/5/2013 - ProCon.org Reader Survey, 2013 - Please take a couple of minutes to tell us about yourself, and let us know how we’re doing and what we can do to improve.

1/22/2013 - Official 2012 Presidential Election Results - On Jan. 17, 2013 the Federal Election Commission released the official 2012 presidential general election results. Barack Obama won the general election with 51.06% of the vote. Mitt Romney received 47.21% of the vote followed by Gary Johnson (0.99%), Jill Stein (0.36%), and Virgil Goode (0.09%).

1/17/2013 Watch seven wonderful student films about ProCon.org. A panel of prominent film celebrities and education leaders judged 1-2 minute student videos on the theme "Why I Love ProCon.org," and their seven lucky winners in the ProCon.org national student video contest have been announced.

1/4/2013 – Educators in over 3,500 schools in all 50 US states and 53 countries use ProCon.org. 756 elementary and middle schools, 1,821 high schools, and 983 colleges and universities use our free nonpartisan research to stimulate critical thinking. The newest international schools using ProCon.org are in Argentina, Malta, and Portugal.

12/31/2012 – Critical Thinking Video Series #2: Milk – Does milk help to build strong bones, or does it weaken them? Does it help you lose weight, or make you fat? Does it reduce cancer risk, or increase it? Does milk contain pus, or is that a myth? Explore both sides of the milk debate in our latest ProCon.org video.

12/31/2012 - NEW ProCon.org Website! - Should the United States return to a gold standard? - Proponents of the gold standard argue it provides long-term economic stability and growth, prevents inflation, and would reduce the size of government. Opponents argue a gold standard would create economic instability, spur periodic economic deflation and contraction, and harm the fragile US economy. Our 47th website explores the pros and cons in the debate over the gold standard.

12/20/2012 - NEW ProCon.org Website! - Should the United States maintain its embargo against Cuba? - February 7, 2012 marked the 50th anniversary of the ongoing US embargo against Cuba. Proponents of the embargo say that the economic sanctions and travel restrictions should remain until Cuba meets the conditions set out by US law, and that it is an important bargaining chip to pressure Cuba to improve human rights. Opponents of the embargo say that it is an outdated, failed policy that hurts the US economy and Cuban citizens, and that the rest of the world is against the US sanctions. Our 46th website explores the pros and cons in the debate over the Cuba embargo.

12/5/2012 - ProCon.org Student Video Contest – The early entry deadline was Dec. 1, and Mark from Oregon won the $100 Amazon.com gift card. Congratulations! The final deadline for video entries is Monday Dec. 31. See what has been submitted so far.

11/7/2012  - 2012 Election Results - President Barack Obama has been elected to a second term in office with 50% of the popular vote. See our election results page for the final popular vote totals as they are updated. Third party results will be added as soon as they are available.

11/6/2012 - Candidate Finances - The top five candidates have raised over $1 billion in direct campaign contributions - not including any money from super PACs. Mitt Romney raised $413,141,499 in direct campaign contributions, while Barack Obama raised $644,613,946. The top three third party candidates raised about $3.3 million combined. See how much money each candidate has raised, spent, has remaining, and where that money came from.

11/2/2012 - Controversial Issues Decided on Election Day

10/31/2012 - Should the federal government increase direct financial aid (loans/grants/debt relief) for college students? - Obama and Stein are Pro. Johnson, Goode, and Romney are Con.

10/31/2012 - Should the federal government continue funding public broadcasting such as PBS and NPR? - Obama and Stein are Pro. Goode and Romney are Con.

10/31/2012 - Should the United States use its military troops to help secure the US-Mexico border? - Obama and Goode are Pro. Johnson and Stein are Con. Romney is Not Clearly Pro or Con.

10/31/2012 - Is the 2012 NDAA, which authorized arresting and indefinitely detaining suspected terrorists (including US citizens) without charge, good for America? - Romney is Pro. Goode, Johnson, and Stein are Con. Obama is Not Clearly Pro or Con.

10/31/2012 - Should the US military budget be increased? - Romney is Pro. Goode, Johnson, Obama, and Stein are Con.

10/31/2012 - Should the United States continue its use of drone strikes? - Obama and Romney are Pro. Johnson and Stein are Con.

10/31/2012 - Should the federal government subsidize alternative energy development? - Obama and Stein are Pro. Johnson is Con. Goode and Romney are Not Clearly Pro or Con.

10/25/2012 - ProCon.org has been used by teachers, librarians, and administrators in 3,218 schools in all 50 states and 50 countries. We're thrilled to have educators in 643 elementary and middle schools, 1,652 high schools, and 923 colleges and universities using our free educational resources.

10/17/2012 - Differences in Conservative and Liberal Brains We added four new studies for a total of 16 peer-reviewed studies that demonstrate how liberals and conservatives have different brain structures, different physiological responses to stimuli, and activate different neural mechanisms when confronted with similar situations. These latest studies report that conservatives have a greater sensitivity to negative stimuli and more activity in the part of the brain that activates for complex social evaluations, while liberals are more focused on advancing positive outcomes and sleep more restlessly with a more bizarre, active dream life.

10/11/2012 - Should the federal deficit be reduced without raising any taxes? Obama and Stein are Con. Johnson and Romney are Pro. Goode is Not Clearly Pro or Con.

10/11/2012 - Should the federal government fund private school voucher programs? Johnson, Obama, and Stein are Con.  Goode and Romney are Pro.

10/11/2012 - Was the US Supreme Court's Citizens United ruling, which allows for unlimited political contributions on the grounds of free speech, good for America? – Goode, Obama, and Stein are Con.  Johnson and Romney are Pro.

10/11/2012 - Should voters be required to show photo identification in order to vote? – Johnson, Obama, and Stein are Con.  Romney is Pro.

10/11/2012 - Should Medicare be amended to include a voucher system for health care? – Goode, Johnson, Obama, and Stein are Con.  Romney is Pro.

10/11/2012 - Should churches (defined as churches, temples, mosques, synagogues, etc.) remain tax-exempt? – Johnson is Con.  Stein is Not Clearly Pro or Con.

10/11/2012 - Should the United States intervene militarily in Syria? – Johnson and Stein are Con.  Goode, Obama, and Romney are Not Clearly Pro or Con.

10/11/2012 - 174 Books Citing ProCon.org - We've added 16 new books to the list of works citing ProCon.org research, including books about the Middle East, bioethics, criminal law, and even the death of Bruce Lee.

9/25/2012 - Candidate Finances - Mitt Romney has raised $283,572,570 in direct campaign contributions, while Barack Obama has raised $441,298,993. The third party candidates have raised about $2.4 million combined. See how much money each candidate has raised, spent, has remaining, and where that money came from.

9/21/2012 - Romney Releases 2011 Tax Return, Paid Rate of 14.1%

9/20/2012 -  Candidate Videos - Watch Obama and Romney's convention nomination speeches and speeches from third party candidates Virgil Goode (Constitution Party), Gary Johnson (Libertarian Party), and Jill Stein (Green Party). We have also posted the recently released full video of the May 17, 2012 private Mitt Romney fundraiser in Boca Raton, FL.

9/18/2012 - Biden vs. Ryan on 30 Issues - Read the positions of Democratic Vice Presidential candidate Joe Biden and Republican Vice Presidential candidate Paul Ryan on 30 different issues in our side-by-side candidate summary chart.

9/14/2012 - Joe Biden, the Democratic Party's official nominee for US vice-president, now has his pro and con positions on our issues available at 2012 Election ProCon.org.

9/14/2012 - Paul Ryan, the Republican Party's official nominee for US vice-president, now has his pro and con positions on our issues available at 2012 Election ProCon.org.

8/29/2012 - Differences in Conservative and Liberal Brains Researchers in 13 peer-reviewed studies found that liberals and conservatives not only have different brain structures and different physiological responses to stimuli, but they also activate different neural mechanisms when confronted with the same situation.

8/23/2012 - Candidate Finances - Republican candidates, Ron Paul and Mitt Romney, have raised $237,905,592 cumulatively, while Democratic President Barack Obama has raised $356,538,083. Third party candidates raised less than $2 million combined. See how much money each candidate has raised, spent, and has left, and where that money came from.

8/10/2012 - Books, Articles, and Studies about Using Controversial Issues to Stimulate Critical Thinking – Read over 40 studies which show that teaching controversial issues can improve critical thinking skills and increase student motivation, achievement, creativity, self-esteem, and appreciation of cultural diversity.

8/10/2012 - 158 Books Citing ProCon.org – See how more than 150 authors including Glenn Beck, Mark Bittman, Newt Gingrich, Stefan Halper, Dick Morris, Condoleezza Rice, Michael Schmoker, Tavis Smiley, and Joseph Stiglitz have cited ProCon.org research in their books.

7/25/2012 - Candidate Finances - According to the Federal Election Commission, Republican candidates (Ron Paul and Mitt Romney) have raised $197,521,874 cumulatively, while Democratic President Barack Obama has raised $307,370,174. Third party candidates raised less than $2 million combined. See how much money each candidate has raised, spent, and has left, and where that money came from.

7/25/2012 -  Candidate Videos - Watch videos of the 2012 presidential candidates, including their candidacy announcements, speeches, and interviews.  In addition to Obama, Paul, and Romney, the third party candidates from the Constitution Party (Virgil Goode), Green Party (Jill Stein), and Libertarian Party (Gary Johnson) are also featured.

7/25/2012 - Candidate Speeches - Read campaign speeches from Obama, Paul, Romney, and third party candidates from the Constitution Party (Virgil Goode), Green Party (Jill Stein), and Libertarian Party (Gary Johnson).

7/23/2012 - 82 Books Citing ProCon.org – See how 82 authors including Glenn Beck, Newt Gingrich, Dick Morris, Michael J. Schmoker, and Tavis Smiley have cited ProCon.org research in their books.

7/20/2012 - Jill Stein, the Green Party's official nominee for US president and a former Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School, now has her biography and pro and con positions on our issues available at ProCon.org.

6/25/2012 - Should there be a federal mandate for individuals to have health insurance? Obama is Pro. Goode, Johnson, Paul, and Romney are Con.

6/6/2012 - Should the minimum legal drinking age be lowered from 21 to a younger age?  Obama and Goode are Con. Johnson is Pro.

6/6/2012 - Should euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide be legal?  Paul and Goode are Con. Obama and Romney are Not Clearly Pro or Con.

6/6/2012 - Should genetically modified foods have mandatory labeling?  Obama and Goode are Pro. Paul is Con.

6/6/2012 - Should the United States return to the gold standard in which coin and currency are backed by gold?  Paul and Goode are Pro.  Romney and Johnson are Not Clearly Pro or Con.

6/6/2012  - Should law enforcement be allowed to use racial profiling?  Obama, Paul, Goode, and Johnson are Con.

6/6/2012 - 2012 Presidential Candidate Summary Chart – Read the positions of Virgil Goode (Constitution), Gary Johnson (Libertarian), Barack Obama (Democrat), Ron Paul (Republican), and Mitt Romney’s (Republican) positions on 60 different issues in our side-by-side candidate summary chart.

6/6/2012 - 2012 Presidential Candidates Quiz - Take our compatibility quiz to find out which candidate best matches your views on important issues. We've updated our survey with new questions on lowering the legal drinking age, racial profiling, the gold standard, euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide, and the labeling of genetically modified food.

5/25/2012 - Barack Obama: Document History from Birth to Harvard (1961-1991) - Our new resource shows Obama’s birth certificates, birth announcements, school registration forms, and interviews with his classmates from elementary school in Indonesia through law school at Harvard.

5/24/2012 – NEW ProCon.org Website!Is golf a sport? – Our 43rd website explores the pros and cons in the debate over whether golf is a sport. Proponents argue that golf meets the definition of "sport" found in the dictionary, requires physical exertion and coordination, and is recognized as a sport by sporting goods companies, athletic associations, fans, and the media. Opponents argue that golf better meets the definition of "game" than "sport," does not require rigorous physical activity, and can be played professionally by people who are overweight, injured, or non-athletic.

5/17/2012 - Virgil Goode, the Constitution Party's official nominee for US president and a former congressman from Virginia, now has his biography and pro and con positions on 55 issues available at ProCon.org.

5/17/2012 - Should state and local law enforcement be empowered to enforce federal immigration laws? Obama is Con.  Paul, Romney, Goode, and Johnson are Pro.

5/17/2012 - Should the Clean Air Act be amended to exclude carbon dioxide (CO2) from regulation? Obama is Con. Paul and Romney are Pro. Goode is Not Clearly Pro or Con.

5/17/2012 - Will increased domestic oil drilling lower gas prices? Obama is Con.  Paul and Romney are Pro.  Goode and Roemer are Not Clearly Pro or Con.

5/17/2012 - Should the United States build additional nuclear plants? Obama, Paul, and Romney are Pro.  Goode, Johnson, and Roemer are Not Clearly Pro or Con.

5/17/2012 - Should the US federal government have bailed out General Motors and Chrysler? Obama is Pro. Paul, Romney, Goode, and Johnson are Con.

5/17/2012 - 2012 Presidential Candidate Summary Chart – Read the positions of Virgil Goode (Constitution), Gary Johnson (Libertarian), Barack Obama (Democrat), Ron Paul (Republican), Buddy Roemer (Independent), and Mitt Romney’s (Republican) positions on 55 different issues in our side-by-side candidate summary chart.

5/17/2012 - 2012 Presidential Candidates Quiz - Take our compatibility quiz to find out which candidate best matches your views on important issues. We've updated our survey with new questions on bailouts for GM and Chrysler, new nuclear plants, oil drilling and gas prices, the Clean Air Act and CO2 regulation, and federal vs. state/local enforcement of illegal immigration.

4/25/2012 - Candidate Finances - According to the Federal Election Commission, the three remaining Republican candidates (Gingrich, Paul, and Romney) have raised $148,098,413 cumulatively, while Democratic President Barack Obama has raised $196,610,770. See how much money each candidate, including third party and independent candidates, has raised and spent, where the money came from, and how much money each candidate currently has on hand.

3/29/2012 - Should felons be allowed to vote? Obama, Johnson, and Santorum, are Pro. Romney is Con.

3/29/2012 - Should the US authorize the Keystone XL pipeline to import tar sand oil from Canada? Gingrich, Johnson, Paul, Roemer, Romney, and Santorum are Pro. Obama is not clearly pro or con.

3/29/2012 - Should drilling for oil in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) be allowed? Obama is Con and Gingrich, Johnson, Paul, Roemer, Romney, and Santorum are Pro.

3/29/2012 - Should the US use military force if Iran does not dismantle its nuclear program? Paul is Con, and Gingrich, Obama, Romney, and Santorum are Pro.

3/29/2012 - Should creationism and Intelligent Design be taught as science in schools along with evolution? Santorum is Pro, and Gingrich, Obama, Roemer, and Romney are Con.

3/29/2012 - 2012 Presidential Candidates Quiz - Take our compatibility quiz to find out which candidate is the best match for you. We've updated the questionnaire with five new questions on felon voting, the Keystone XL pipeline, oil drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR), military force against Iran, and teaching creationism as science in schools.

3/29/2012 - 2012 Presidential Candidate Summary Chart - See the four remaining Republican candidates (Gingrich, Paul, Romney, and Santorum), Barack Obama (Democrat), Gary Johnson (Libertarian), and Buddy Roemer's (Independent) positions on 50 different issues in our side-by-side candidate summary chart.

3/13/2012 - ProCon.org has been used by teachers, librarians, and administrators in 2,522 schools in all 50 states and 45 countries. Thank you to the educators in those 508 elementary and middle schools, 1,295 high schools, and 719 colleges and universities who benefit from our free educational resources.

Teachers and librarians, if you have not already done so, please take our 2-minute survey and let us know how YOU use ProCon.org. With roughly 100,000 schools in the United States, we need all your help to promote critical thinking in today's youth.

2/21/2012 - Candidate Finances - Updated to show financial disclosure reports and 2010 tax returns for the presidential candidates.

2/17/2012 - Should the federal government fund embryonic stem cell research? - Read the 2012 presidential candidates’ positions on this issue. Obama and Gingrich are Pro, and Johnson, Paul, Romney, and Santorum are Con.

2/17/2012 - Should the US require mandatory national service in the form of a draft or required civil service? - Read the 2012 presidential candidates’ positions on this issue. None of the candidates are Pro. Obama, Paul, Gingrich, and Romney are Con.

2/17/2012 - Should illegal immigrants have access to social services such as Medicaid, welfare, or public education? - Read the 2012 presidential candidates’ positions on this issue. None of the candidates are Pro. Paul and Santorum are Con, and Obama, Gingrich, Roemer, Romney, and Johnson are Not Clearly Pro or Con.

2/17/2012 - Should all Americans have a right (be entitled) to basic health care? - Read the 2012 presidential candidates’ positions on this issue. Obama is Pro. Paul and Johnson are Con, and the other four candidates are Not Clearly Pro or Con.

2/17/2012 - Should the US continue to support the embargo against Cuba? - Read the 2012 presidential candidates’ positions on this issue. Paul is Con. Gingrich, Romney, Santorum, and Obama are Pro, and Johnson is Not Clearly Pro or Con.

2/17/2012 - 2012 Presidential Candidate Summary Chart - See the five remaining Republican candidates (Gingrich, Paul, Roemer, Romney, and Santorum), Barack Obama (Democrat), and Gary Johnson's (Libertarian) positions on 45 different issues in our side-by-side candidate summary chart.

2/17/2012 - 2012 Presidential Candidates Quiz - Take our compatibility quiz to find out which candidate is the best match for you. We've updated the questionnaire with five new questions on stem cell research, mandatory national service, the embargo against Cuba, illegal immigrants and social services, and whether or not all Americans should have a right to basic health care.

2/17/2012 "Did You Know?" Little Known Facts about US Presidents – Did you know that eight US Presidents have died while in office? (Four were assassinated and four died of natural causes.) Did you know that the shortest presidency in the history of the office lasted just 31 days? Read 11 little known facts about US presidents from 1789 to the present.

2/8/2012 - Candidate Finances –The five remaining Republican candidates (Gingrich, Paul, Roemer, Romney, and Santorum) have raised $98,252,290 cumulatively, while Democratic President Barack Obama has raised $128,353,560 million, and Libertarian candidate Gary Johnson has raised $578,125, according to the latest data from the Federal Elections Commission. See how much money each candidate has raised and spent, where the money came from, and how much money each candidate currently has on hand.

2/2/2012 - Did You Know? Little Known Facts about US Presidential Elections - Did you know that a presidential candidate has won the election despite losing the popular vote four times in US history, or that every US President since 1852 has been either a Republican or a Democrat? See our list of 15 little known facts about US presidential elections.

1/25/2012 - Should the wealthiest 1% of Americans be taxed more heavily? - Read the 2012 presidential candidates’ positions on this issue. Obama is Pro, all the Republicans are Con, and the Libertarian candidate is Not Clearly Pro or Con.

1/25/2012 - Should the government continue to fund Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac? - Read the 2012 presidential candidates’ positions on this issue. While none of the candidates are clearly Pro, three are Not Clearly Pro or Con, and four are Con.

1/25/2012 - Is outsourcing jobs to other countries good for America? - Read the 2012 presidential candidates’ positions on this issue.

1/25/2012 - Should the US federal government have bailed out US private financial corporations like AIG, Bank of America, Citigroup, etc.? - Read the 2012 presidential candidates’ positions on this issue. Obama, Gingrich, and Romney are Pro, while Johnson, Paul, Roemer, and Santorum are Con.

1/25/2012 - Are credit cards good for America? - Read the 2012 presidential candidates’ positions on this issue.

1/25/2012 - 2012 Presidential Candidate Summary Chart - See Gary Johnson (Libertarian), the five remaining Republican candidates (Gingrich, Paul, Roemer, Romney, and Santorum), and Barack Obama's positions on 30 different issues in our side-by-side candidate summary chart.

1/25/2012 - 2012 Presidential Candidates Quiz - Take our compatibility quiz to find out which candidate is the best match for you. We've updated the questionnaire with five new questions on credit cards, government bailouts, outsourcing jobs, Fannie Mae & Freddie Mac, and taxing the wealthiest 1% of Americans.

12/20/2011 - NEW: Candidate Videos - Watch over 50 videos of the 2012 presidential candidates, including their candidacy announcements, speeches, and interviews which address a ProCon.org question.

12/5/2011 - UPDATED: 2012 Presidential Candidates Quiz - Take our compatibility quiz to find out which candidate is the best match for you. We've updated the questionnaire with 10 new questions on education, gay marriage, immigration, infidelity, Occupy Wall Street, oil subsidies, and the Tea Party.

12/5/2011 - Herman Cain Suspends Campaign - Cain announced on Dec. 3, 2011 that he was suspending his presidential campaign. Read his full statement, and see his biography and views on 35 issues.

11/30/2011 - NEW: 2012 Presidential Candidates' Views on Teacher Tenure, Standardized Tests, and No Child Left Behind - Read 10 Republican candidates' and Barack Obama's responses to the questions: "Should K-12 teachers get tenure?," "Is the use of federally mandated standardized tests improving education in America?," and "Has the No Child Left Behind Act been effective at improving public education?"

11/30/2011 - NEW: 2012 Presidential Candidates' Views on Immigration - Read 10 Republican candidates' and Barack Obama's responses to the questions: "Should E-Verify, the federal government's electronic employment verification system, be mandatory for all employers?" and "Should the US continue to build a physical barrier, such as a fence, along the US-Mexico border?"

11/30/2011 - NEW: 2012 Presidential Candidates' Views on Gay Marriage and Infidelity - Read 10 Republican candidates' and Barack Obama's responses to the questions: "Should gay marriage be legal?" and "Should an affair outside of marriage disqualify a candidate for public office?"

11/30/2011 - NEW: 2012 Presidential Candidates' Views on Oil Subsidies, Occupy Wall Street, and the Tea Party - Read 10 Republican candidates' and Barack Obama's responses to the questions: "Should the federal government continue to subsidize big oil companies?," "Is the Occupy Wall Street movement good for America?," and "Is the Tea Party movement good for America?"

11/28/2011 - NEW: Candidate Summary Chart - See 10 Republican candidates' and Barack Obama's positions on 25 different issues in our side-by-side candidate summary chart. The candidate summary chart was our most popular resource in the 2008 presidential election. We plan to add at least 50 more issues to the 2012 candidate summary chart over the coming weeks and months.

11/17/2011 - NEW: Candidate Finances – The 10 main Republican candidates have raised $85.7 million and Democratic President Barack Obama has raised $88.4 million so far. They have spent $79.7 million cumulatively in the 2012 presidential election as of Sep. 30, 2011. See how much money each candidate has raised and spent, where the money came from, and how much money each candidate currently has on hand.

11/16/2011 - NEW: Candidate Speeches - Read transcripts of 25 campaign speeches from the nine Republican presidential candidates and incumbent Democratic President Barack Obama. We’ll add many more speech transcripts over the coming weeks and months.

11/14/2011 – NEW ProCon.org Website!Should churches (defined as churches, temples, mosques, synagogues, etc.) remain tax-exempt? – US churches have been exempt from paying income and property taxes since the country's founding. Debate continues over whether or not these tax benefits should be retained, especially during our tough economic times. Proponents argue that a tax exemption keeps the government out of church finances, and that churches deserve a tax break because they provide crucial social services. Opponents argue that giving churches special tax exemptions violates the separation of church and state, and that the government cannot afford what amounts to a subsidy worth billions of dollars every year. Our 44th website explores the pros and cons in the debate over church tax exemptions.

11/7/2011 - NEW: Order of Presidential Succession - Who becomes President if Obama dies, resigns, or is removed from office?  Take a look at our chart showing the 18 government officials in line to become President.

11/4/2011 - NEW: US Political Parties – Our new chart features the history, mission, platform, and contact info for the top five political parties in the US (Constitution Party, Democratic Party, Green Party, Libertarian Party, and Republican Party).  It also lists smaller US national parties and historical US political parties.

10/31/2011 - Take our Survey: Which questions do YOU think ProCon.org should ask the 2012 presidential candidates?

10/28/2011 - NEW: 2012 Presidential Candidates Quiz: Find Your Match- Answer the 25 questions in this questionnaire to find the best matched 2012 presidential candidate for you.

10/24/2011 - NEW ProCon.org Website! - Which candidate should be US president in 2012? – ProCon.org has researched the US presidential candidates and their views on 25 issues ranging from abortion to global warming to medical marijuana to waterboarding. Our 43rd website also features resources on US presidential election history, debate transcripts, a step-by-step guide on how to become president, and more. We will add at least 50 more issues and several new resources over the coming months to help you decide who should be the next president of the United States.

7/6/2011 – On July 6, 2011, ProCon.org was highlighted in the Congressional Record when Congressman Rob Andrews (D-NJ) honored ProCon.org by reading a glowing statement about the organization on the floor of the US House of Representatives. His statement said in part: "It is my distinct pleasure to honor the staff of ProCon.org and wish them continued successes in their service to the American public. Their unbiased and truthful presentation makes a tremendous contribution to the political system."

6/22/2011 NEW ProCon.org Website!Is the use of standardized tests improving education in America? – Standardized tests have been a part of American education since the mid-1800s. Their use skyrocketed after 2002's No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) mandated annual testing in all 50 states. Proponents say standardized tests are a fair and objective measure of student achievement, and that they ensure teachers and schools are accountable. Opponents say the tests are neither fair nor objective, and that their use narrows the curriculum and promotes "teaching to the test." ProCon.org's 42nd website explores the pros and cons in the debate over standardized tests.

4/29/2011 NEW! Interactive Readers Comments – You can now share your comments about ProCon.org issues with millions of other people, and reply to, vote on, or just read already posted comments. If you want, you can also get emails telling you when your comment gets posted, and when others reply to your comment.

To join or read the debate, click on the "Comment” link in the left column of any ProCon.org page or click the "Comment” button on the homepage of any ProCon.org issue. Like everything at ProCon.org, it’s free and there’s no registration required.

Test the comments system on "Should prescription drugs be advertising directly to consumers?" and "Should felons be allowed to vote?" to see our new feature for yourself.

4/21/2011 - NEW ProCon.org Website! - Should people become vegetarian? - In 2010, people in the US ate an average of 57.5 pounds of beef, 46.5 pounds of pork, and 82 pounds of chicken. Vegetarians, about 3.2% of the US population, do not eat meat (including poultry and seafood). Many proponents of vegetarianism say that the meatless diet is healthier and better for the environment, and that killing animals for food is wrong.  Many opponents of vegetarianism say that eating meat is natural, healthful, humane, and that people have done it for millions of years. ProCon.org’s 41st website explores the pros and cons in the debate over vegetarianism.

2/14/2011 - Help ProCon.org Win $5,000: Write a short review of ProCon.org by Feb. 28 for a contest at GreatNonprofits.org. The most-reviewed nonprofit wins, so please take a few minutes and help us compete for the prize!

1/13/2011 NEW ProCon.org Website! - Should teachers get tenure? - Teacher tenure is the increasingly controversial form of job protection that public school teachers in all states receive after 1-7 years on the job. Proponents of tenure argue that it protects teachers from being fired for personal or political reasons, and prevents the firing of experienced teachers to hire less expensive new teachers. Opponents argue that this job protection makes the removal of poorly performing teachers so difficult and costly that most schools end up retaining their bad teachers, and that tenure is no longer needed given current laws against job discrimination. ProCon.org's 40th website explores the pros and cons of whether or not teachers should get tenure.

12/29/2010 - ProCon.org has been used by 1,500 schools in 32 countries and all 50 US states.  278 elementary and middle schools, 710 high schools, and 512 colleges and universities use the free nonpartisan research we provide to stimulate critical thinking.  The newest international school using ProCon.org is in Malaysia.

12/7/2010  - ProCon.org is happy to announce that our Managing Editor, Kamy Akhavan, is now the new President of our organization. Kamy, who has been with ProCon.org since Dec. 7, 2004, will also continue his duties as Managing Editor. Visit Kamy's profile to read more about his qualifications.

11/29/2010 - Help ProCon.org Select Its Next Topic - Take our survey to tell us which controversial topics you want to see ProCon.org cover in 2011. Select your favorite issues from a list of 25 topics ranging from animal research and astrology to whistleblowers and zoos.

11/1/2010 - ProCon.org in the News - ProCon.org has received over 100 media references so far in 2010 compared to 76 for all of 2009. References to ProCon.org in 2010 have come from mainstream media sources including the Washington Post, CNN, Huffington Post, CNBC, AOL News, and Discovery News, as well as several radio interviews on NPR and Fox News affiliates.

11/1/2010 - ProCon.org received 1,054,740 website sessions in Oct. 2010 – the highest number of sessions we have ever received in a month.

10/18/2010 NEW ProCon.org Website! - Was Ronald Reagan a good president? - Reagan served as the 40th President of the United States from Jan. 20, 1981 to Jan. 19, 1989. His supporters point to his accomplishments, including stimulating US economic growth, strengthening national defense, revitalizing the Republican Party, and ending the global Cold War. His detractors contend that Reagan's poor policies, such as bloating national defense, drastically cutting social services, and making arms-for-hostages deals, led the country into record deficits and global embarrassment. ProCon.org's 38th website explores the pros and cons of whether or not Ronald Reagan was a good president.

10/18/2010 NEW ProCon.org Website! - Was Bill Clinton a good president? – Bill Clinton served as the 42nd President of the United States from Jan. 20, 1993 to Jan. 19, 2001. His supporters contend that under his presidency the US enjoyed the lowest unemployment in recent history, low crime rates, and a budget surplus. His detractors blame his policies for the financial crisis that began in 2007 and point to his scandals and impeachment by Congress. ProCon.org's 39th website explores the pros and cons of whether or not Bill Clinton was a good president.

10/5/2010 NEW ProCon.org Website! - Is it appropriate to build a Muslim community center (aka the "Ground Zero Mosque”) near the World  Trade Center site? – The debate over the ''Ground Zero Mosque'' has grown from a local discussion to an issue of international prominence. Proponents argue that the 16-story Muslim community center will be an asset to the neighborhood and local economy, and its construction demonstrates America’s religious tolerance. Opponents argue that the ''Ground Zero Mosque'' is an insensitive and disrespectful political ploy by radical Islamists that will inflict emotional distress on families who suffered casualties on Sep. 11, 2001. ProCon.org's 37th website explores the pros and cons of the ''Ground Zero Mosque'' debate.

9/24/2010 - How to Cite ProCon.org in Bibliographies and Endnotes - You can now click the "Cite" button on the upper-right corner of any ProCon.org page to see that page's citation style according to the Modern Language Association Style Manual (MLA), the Chicago Manual of Style (Chicago), the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), and Kate Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Turabian) - four of the most popular bibliographic protocols.

9/16/2010 - NEW ProCon.org Website! - Should gay marriage be legal? – Gay marriage is allowed in ten countries, five US states, and the District of Columbia. 30 states have constitutional amendments banning gay marriage. Proponents argue that same-sex couples should have access to the same marriage benefits enjoyed by heterosexual couples. Opponents argue that altering the traditional definition of marriage as between a man and a woman will further weaken a threatened institution. ProCon.org's 36th website explores the pros and cons of legalizing gay marriage.

9/2/2010 - NEW ProCon.org Website! - Are the March 2010 federal health care reform laws good for America? – The March 2010 health care reforms were hailed by proponents as "landmark legislation" that will provide affordable health care to millions of currently uninsured Americans.  Opponents railed against the bill warning that it was a "government takeover" of medicine that would lower the quality of care and drive up the federal deficit. Our 35th and newest website, provides pros and cons on 34 commonly asked questions regarding the March 2010 health care reform laws using statements from over 150 experts including President Barack Obama (pro), former Alaska Governor Sarah Palin (con), Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi (pro), House Majority Leader John Boehner (con), AARP (pro), US Chamber of Commerce (con), New York Times (pro), Wall Street Journal (con), and dozens more.

9/1/2010 ProCon.org in the News - This week ProCon.org surpassed 250 mentions in major media outlets and journals. We have been referenced 81 times so far in 2010 - surpassing our previous record of 76 times in all of 2009. Some news references to ProCon.org in 2010 have come from articles in the Washington Post, Reuters, Yahoo! News, the New England Journal of Medicine, Mother Jones, CNBC, The Guardian ( UK), as well as interviews on NPR and Fox News radio affiliates.

8/4/2010 - ProCon.org has now been used by 1,322 schools in 31 countries and all 50 US states. 249 elementary and middle schools, 615 high schools, and 458 colleges and universities use the free nonpartisan research we provide to stimulate critical thinking.

6/15/2010 - NEW ProCon.org Website! - Is human activity a substantial cause of global climate change? - Over the 20th century the earth warmed 1-1.4°F and climate changes including more intense heat waves, stronger hurricanes, loss of sea ice, glacier retreat, and more droughts have occurred.  As of Apr. 2010, levels of the greenhouse gas CO2 were 389 parts per million – allegedly higher than at any time in the last 650,000 years.

Some people argue that rising levels of human-produced greenhouse gases are warming the planet and causing the climate to change.  Others argue that reported greenhouse gas increases are too small to change the climate, and that 20th century warming has been the result of natural processes such as fluctuations in the sun’s heat and ocean currents.  ProCon.org's newest and 34th website explores the pros and cons in this debate.

6/14/2010 - ProCon.org has now been used by 1,267 schools in 31 countries and all 50 US states. 239 elementary and middle schools, 589 high schools, and 439 colleges and universities use the free nonpartisan research we provide to stimulate critical thinking. The newest international schools using ProCon.org are in Kazakhstan and Kenya.

5/12/2010 - ProCon.org has now been used by 1,205 schools in 29 countries and all 50 US states. We are thrilled to have 225 elementary and middle schools, 548 high schools, and 432 colleges and universities using the free nonpartisan research we provide to stimulate critical thinking. The newest international schools using ProCon.org are in Serbia, United Arab Emirates, and South Africa.

5/3/2010 - UPDATED: Quotes about Critical Thinking - Read 25 selected quotes about critical thinking from Confucius, Plato, Socrates, Ben Franklin, Albert Einstein, John Maynard Keynes, Mohandas Gandhi, and others.

4/21/2010 ProCon.org in the News - ProCon.org surpassed 200 mentions in the press for the first time in our history. We have been referenced in the media 35 times already in 2010, including articles by CNBC, the Guardian, and AOL News.

4/21/2010 - NEW ProCon.org Website! Should abortion be legal? Since the Jan. 22, 1973 US Supreme Court case Roe v. Wade through 2005, more than 45 million legal abortions have been performed in the United States. One out of five pregnancies end in abortion, and 40% of all women have an abortion by the age of 45. "Pro-life” proponents generally believe abortion is immoral because personhood begins at conception, and therefore abortion kills innocent human beings.  "Pro-choice” advocates contend that a woman's right to control her pregnancy outweighs any right claimed for an embryo or fetus. ProCon.org's newest website explores the pros and cons in this debate.

4/16/2010  - ProCon.org has now been used by 1,159 schools in 26 countries and all 50 US states. We are thrilled to have 213 elementary and middle schools, 528 high schools, and 418 colleges and universities using the free nonpartisan research we provide to stimulate critical thinking.

4/16/2010 NEW: Is the D.A.R.E. program good for America's kids (K-12)? - Read the top pro, con, and not clearly pro or con arguments from D.A.R.E., President Obama, the Office of the Surgeon General, the Government Accountability Office, as well as policemen, economists, schools, and others.

4/1/2010 - ProCon.org Surpasses One Million Monthly Sessions - In March 2010, ProCon.org received 1,026,399 website sessions – the first time we have received over a million sessions in a month.  The new record marked a 90% increase in traffic over Mar. 2009 and an 88% increase for the first three months of 2010 over the first three months of 2009. We are thrilled that so many teachers, students and others are finding our free and unbiased content so useful. Thank you to all our readers, supporters, and donors for helping us to attain this milestone in our effort to promote critical thinking for a better tomorrow.

3/31/2010 - NEW ProCon.org Website! - Should adults have the right to carry a concealed handgun? - 48 states allow for the concealed carry of handguns. Proponents argue that carrying concealed handguns deters crime and is a right granted by the Second Amendment. Opponents counter that concealed guns lead to more crime and increase the chances of arguments becoming lethal. Read the press release (21 KB) .

3/30/2010 - NEW: ProCon.org a hit at the 2010 San Diego Science Festival. 500-600 people participated in our interactive booth, including students, teachers, scientists, parents, and others. Check out some of our photos from the event to see how much critical thinking took place in our booth.

3/10/2010 - ProCon.org has now been used by 1,077 schools in 26 countries and all 50 US states.  We are thrilled to have 189 elementary and middle schools, 480 high schools, and 408 colleges and universities using the free nonpartisan research we provide to stimulate critical thinking.

2/18/2010 - NEW ProCon.org Website! - Is the D.A.R.E. program good for America's kids (K-12)? - Supporters of D.A.R.E. argue that the program annually helps over 35 million kids in all 50 states and 43 countries to resist drug abuse. Critics counter that decades of research shows D.A.R.E. is ineffective, marketing not science-based, and can actually increase drug use by students.

2/9/2010 - ProCon.org has now been used by 1,009 schools in 26 countries and all 50 US states.  We are thrilled to have 176 elementary and middle schools, 435 high schools, and 398 colleges and universities using the free nonpartisan research we provide to stimulate critical thinking.  The newest international school using ProCon.org is in Qatar.

1/21/2010 - ProCon.org in the News - We have been referenced in the media 10 times already in 2010 including mentions in Reuters, Psychiatric Times, and the Huffington Post. See all 176 of our media references to date.

1/18/2010 - NEW ProCon.org Website! – Should any vaccines be required for children? – All 50 states require vaccinations for children entering public schools although 48 states allow exemptions for religious reasons and 20 for philosophical reasons.  While proponents argue that vaccines save lives, prevent epidemics, and reduce harm from illness, opponents counter that vaccinations should not be required because they may do more harm (cause illness, reduce immunity, etc.) than good.  ProCon.org's newest website explores the pros and cons of the debate surrounding vaccination.

1/14/2010 - ProCon.org has now been used by 932 schools in 25 countries and all 50 US states.  We are thrilled to have 161 elementary and middle schools, 390 high schools, and 381 colleges and universities using the free nonpartisan research we provide to stimulate critical thinking.  The newest international schools using ProCon.org are in Russia, Spain, and Thailand.

12/28/2009 - NEW ProCon.org Website! – Is obesity a disease?An estimated 72 million people in the US as of 2006 (34.3% of the adult population) are obese and 10% of all US medical spending ($147 billion) in 2008 was attributed to obesity-related health conditions. The FDA, IRS, and the World Health Organization have stated obesity is a disease while other government and medical entities, such as the House of Representatives, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, and the American College of Physicians, have not. ProCon.org's newest website explores the pros and cons in this debate.

12/18/2009 - ProCon.org has now been used by 802 schools in 22 countries and all 50 US states. The newest international schools using ProCon.org are in Austria, Israel, Netherlands, Philippines, and Singapore. We are thrilled to have 136 elementary and middle schools, 313 high schools, and 353 colleges and universities using the free nonpartisan research we provide to stimulate critical thinking.

12/9/2009 - Governments That Use ProCon.org – The governments of five different countries have referenced ProCon.org in their official reports or legislation.  See how New Zealand, Northern Marianas, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the United States’ governments have used ProCon.org.

12/9/2009 - NEW ProCon.org Website! - Do violent video games contribute to youth violence? - Critics argue that violent video games are to blame for school shootings, increases in bullying, and violence towards women and that research supports these assertions. Defenders of violent video games counter that the research is deeply flawed, that violent video games provide a safe outlet for aggressive feelings, and that video game content is protected free speech. ProCon.org's newest website explores the pros and cons of this debate.

11/24/2009 - NEW ProCon.org Website! - Should Social Security be privatized? - Social Security, the largest government program in the world and the biggest expenditure ($612 billion) in the US federal budget, is projected to become unsustainable by 2037.  ProCon.org's newest website explores the pros and cons of whether Social Security should be privatized to give people control of their own retirement funds and help ensure that their safety net remains intact.

11/6/2009 - UPDATED: How 728 Schools Are Using ProCon.org – ProCon.org is now used by schools in all 50 US states (North Dakota just added) and 17 countries (Sweden and Macedonia just added).  119 elementary and middle schools, 282 high schools, and 327 colleges and universities use the free nonpartisan research we provide to stimulate critical thinking.

11/4/2009 - NEW: ProCon.org Volunteers & Interns - See the latest volunteer research opportunities at ProCon.org along with profiles of our talented and hard working senior interns, interns, and volunteers.

10/28/2009 - NEW: Survey for High School Students Only – If you’re in high school, please take our 10 question survey about ProCon.org, critical thinking, and you.

10/7/2009  - UPDATED: Benefits of Teaching Controversial Issues – Five highlighted facts about the benefits of critical thinking and 28 articles, studies, and books about teaching controversial issues in the classroom.

10/5/2009 - UPDATED: Lesson Planning with ProCon.org - 11 lesson plan ideas for using ProCon.org in the classroom to engage critical thinking while meeting 15 national teaching standards.

9/24/2009 - NEW ProCon.org Website!Are cell phones safe? – Cell phones use a form of radiation called radio frequency (RF) to send their signal.  This RF radiation is regulated by the FCC, and has been deemed safe by a number of government and private scientific studies.  However, some studies have found that the radiation from cell phones may increase the chance of developing cancer and other health problems.  ProCon.org's newest website explores the pros and cons of whether or not cell phones are safe to use.

9/18/2009 - NEW ProCon.org Website!Should all Americans have the right (be entitled) to health care? – With millions uninsured, the US is one of the few - if not the only - developed nations that does not guarantee health care for its citizens. Many Americans believe that health care for all would be too expensive and unearned. ProCon.org's newest website explores the pros and cons of whether there should be the right to health care in the US.

8/11/2009 - UPDATED: How Schools Are Using ProCon.org - See how teachers and librarians from 588 schools in 48 states and 14 countries use ProCon.org in their classrooms and school libraries.

8/6/2009 - ProCon.org added six more media references to its In the News page including a mention of our Prescription Drug Ads website in Business Week.

8/5/2009 - ProCon.org Five Year Anniversary - ProCon.org celebrated its 5-year anniversary on July 14, 2009 with a party for supporters and friends from 4-7 pm in our Santa Monica office. We also held five anniversary contests and awarded winners over $500 in cash and prizes.  See photos and video from the party, find out who won the contests, and read highlights and reflections from our first five years.

8/4/2009 - Winners of the ProCon.org 5-Year Anniversary contests announced! Each winner receives $100 and our gratitude. See who won the ProCon.org Wikipedia, Facebook, Twitter, and Scavenger Hunts contests. Thank you to all who participated.

7/29/2009 - NEW PROCON.ORG WEBSITE! - Should the drinking age be lowered from 21 to a younger age? - Our new micro site presents an overview, pro and con arguments, little-known “Did You Know” facts, videos, graphics, and a comprehensive list of sources on the issue of lowering the drinking age.

7/16/2009 - California State Schools Chief Jack O’Connell Praises ProCon.org - The California State Superintendent of Public Instruction wrote that ProCon.org is a "...great resource that breaks down hot button issues with quality, sourced info... The best part about procon.org is the entire web site is free to use. No ads, no registration necessary. If you’re in ed, check it out."  Visit ProCon.org for Teachers for details.

7/2/2009 - ProCon.org Celebrates Its Five Year Anniversary - July 2009 marks our fifth anniversary and we're celebrating with five contests where you can win up to $500. Visit our anniversary page to read contest details, a statement from our Chairman, top five highlights, select readers' comments, and more.

6/24/2009 - UPDATED: How Schools Are Using ProCon.org - See how teachers and librarians from 516 schools in 48 states and 14 countries use ProCon.org in their classrooms and school libraries.

6/22/2009 - UPDATED: In the News - See the most recent media refrences to ProCon.org in the Telegraph, WRPI, the Thom Hartmann Radio Program, and more.

6/8/2009 - NEW PROCON.ORG WEBSITE! - Should prescription drugs be advertised directly to consumers? - This website is our first ever  site meaning it took us less than 35 hours to build.  The site contains a "did you know?" section, an overview of the issue, pro and con arguments, an image and video gallery, a reader survey, and a listing of all our sources.

5/29/2009 - UPDATED: Books and Articles about Using Controversial Issues to Stimulate Critical Thinking:  Take a look at our list of 16 publications, including 15 full text articles, on this important educational topic.

5/19/2009 - Our Volunteer Program – created on Feb. 9, 2009 – has been a great success.  We thank all the volunteers who have helped us so far, and we encourage others to consider becoming a ProCon.org volunteer or intern.

4/10/2009 - UPDATED: How Schools Are Using ProCon.org – 411 schools (73 elementary and middle schools, 148 high schools, and 190 colleges and universities) in 45 states and 11 countries use ProCon.org content in their classrooms.

4/10/2009 - UPDATED: In the News - 113 mainstream media--the most recent including Washington Post, Guardian, and CBS News--have referenced ProCon.org’s websites.

4/7/2009  - NEW: Join ProCon.org on Facebook and follow us on Twitter.

4/2/2009 – NEW DESIGN – Whether you are visiting for the first time or coming back for the 100th time, we’d love to know: What do you think of our new website design?

4/2/2009 - NEW: Survey for Teachers and Librarians - Please take our 2-minute survey so we can learn how to make our sites more useful to educators.

3/23/2009 - UPDATED: In the News – We added 10 more media references and surpassed 100 mentions in the press for the first time in our history. 103 mainstream media outlets have now referenced ProCon.org.

3/9/2009 - UPDATED: How Schools Are Using ProCon.org – See how 66 elementary and middle schools, 133 high schools, and 176 colleges and universities in 45 states and eight countries use ProCon.org content in their educational materials.

3/2/2009 – NEW PROCON.ORG WEBSITE! Can alternative energy effectively replace fossil fuels? – Our 17th issue website has over 200 pro and con responses from more than 175 experts on energy topics such as oil, solar, wind, nuclear, ethanol, biofuels, hydrogen vs. electricity, subsidies, and more.

2/25/2009 - Articles about Using Controversial Issues to Stimulate Critical Thinking – Attention educators.  We have compiled over a dozen published articles on why and how to develop critical thinking skills by teaching controversial topics in the classroom.

2/25/2009 - UPDATED: In the News - Our list of media references has grown to 93.  See the latest additions from Popular Science magazine, Star Tribune (Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN), two radio stations, and more.

2/6/2009 - UPDATED: How Schools Are Using ProCon.org - See how 352 schools in 45 states and eight countries use ProCon.org content in their educational materials.

2/2/2009 - ProCon.org was honored to receive the 2008 “Best Non-Profit to Work For” award in a national competition. ProCon.org was one of five winners in its class of “non-profits with an operating budget of under $2.5 million.” There were 15 winners total. There are roughly 1,000,000 nonprofit organizations in the United States.

1/12/2009 - NEW TOPIC SURVEY - Select the topic you would most like ProCon.org to cover next.

1/9/2009 - NEW: Quotes About Critical Thinking – Read twelve stimulating quotes about critical thought.  We share these statements as part of our mission to promote critical thinking.

12/31/2008 - UPDATED: See How Schools Are Using ProCon.org: 50 elementary and middle schools, 100 high schools, and 116 colleges and universities (that we know of) have used ProCon.org in their teaching materials.

12/29/2008 - NEW PROCON.ORG WEBSITE! - Should performance enhancing drugs (such as steroids) be accepted in sports? Read over 250 pro and con responses from more than 200 experts on nearly 30 subjects related to drugs in sports at our 17th website, sports.procon.org.

12/3/2008 - Big Three auto makers compared to Toyota and Honda by ProCon.org – We explore the question “Should the Big Three auto makers be bailed out by the US government?” in our first ever “mini” site. See the 144-point comparison chart and read statements from Barack Obama, Mitt Romney, Paul Krugman, and many others.

11/18/2008 - NEW: ProCon.org for Teachers - Lesson plan ideas, natl. teaching standards, articles about teaching controversial issues, teachers' comments, and students' comments.

11/4/2008 – ProCon.org was referenced in the media six times last week.  See our In the News page for the Swedish, Russian, and four US publications that mentioned ProCon.org.

10/15/2008 - ProCon.org welcomes its newest Board Member, Mr. A Searle Field, JD.

10/14/2008  - UPDATED: In the Classroom - 256 schools in 42 states and five countries reference ProCon.org in their K-12 and university level lesson plans and resource lists.

10/9/2008 - ProCon.org received four more media references in the last three days.  See our coverage at Slate, National Catholic Reporter, and others in our growing In the News page.

10/3/2008 - ProCon.org User Survey passes 1,000 responses.  See the survey results so far

9/30/2008 – ProCon.org received two more media mentions last week.  Visit our In the News page to see our latest media references.

8/26/2008 - NEW: ProCon.org received four more media references in the last 30 days.

7/31/2008 - NEW WEBSITE: Death Penalty ProCon.org – “Should the death penalty be abolished?” Read pros, cons, stats, news, bios, and more great information related to this perennially controversial topic. Explore our 15th issue website at ProCon.org and let us know what you think.

6/30/2008  - We are proud to announce the new ProCon.org sites that became available Monday June 30, 2008. See over 10 new features in a new design and layout that took over 25 people nearly 2 years and 9,000 hours to complete. If you like what you see, please tell your friends.

5/30/2008 - NEW WEBSITE: Insider Trading ProCon.org – Should "insider trading" by Congress continue to be legal? Read pros, cons, and general reference information in the debate over whether Congressional representatives should be allowed to trade stocks based on material nonpublic information that they acquire during their normal Congressional duties.

5/23/2008 - ProCon.org Referenced in the Los Angeles Times and the Social Studies Professional – The number of media references to ProCon.org increased to 50 this week with favorable coverage by two respected publications.

4/17/2008 - NEW: User Survey – Please help us by taking our 1-2 minute survey on your experience at ProCon.org. Your feedback will help us to improve.

2/29/2008 - NEW: Subscribe to our free RSS feed and automatically receive the latest news and notices from our 13 ProCon.org websites. To subscribe, click on the RSS button in the top right of the homepage and follow the instructions provided on the screen. It takes a few seconds, and you can unsubscribe whenever you want.

12/12/2007 - NEW WEBSITE: 2008 Election ProCon.org – Read pro and con statements from the 2008 presidential candidates on several issues including abortion, education, environment, gun control, Iran, Iraq, religion, social security, and many more. Decide for yourself which candidate would make the best US President.

11/26/2007 - NEW WEBSITE: Immigration ProCon.org – What are the solutions to illegal immigration? ProCon.org explores the debate over illegal immigration with 50 questions, 200+ sources, and over 350 pro, con, and general reference responses.

9/28/2007 - NEW WEBSITE: Milk ProCon.org - Is drinking milk healthy for humans? We investigate health claims about milk using over 100 experts. The results of our research show conflicting data on milk's effect on cancer, heart disease, weight loss, diabetes, children's development, and other health issues. Visit our newest website and tell us what you think.

6/26/2007 - 2008 Presidential Election Poll - Visit our parent website ProCon.org and vote on the issues you want us to ask the U.S. Presidential candidates. Poll will close on July 15th.

5/14/2007 - New ProCon.org website:

  • ProCon.org launched its 10th website today, Prostitution ProCon.org, which explores the core question “Should prostitution be legal?” The site features over 200 expert sources from Presidential hopefuls Rudy Giuliani and Hillary Clinton to Ann Landers, Heidi Fleiss, Susan B. Anthony, and the ACLU.

5/1/2007 - New ProCon.org website:

  • ProCon.org launched its 9th website today, Felon Voting ProCon.org (www.felonvotingprocon.org), on the heels of Florida and Maryland making historic changes to their felon voting laws. The 150 pro, con, and general reference statements focus around the core question: Should felons be allowed to vote?

1/30/2007 - Our comprehensive search engine (top right on the homepage) allows visitors to quickly find a word or phrase on the Under God ProCon.org website. The search function at www.procon.org allows visitors to simultaneously search all ProCon.org websites.

1/8/2007 - Euthanasia ProCon.org, our newest website, was launched today. It features nearly 600 pro, con, and general reference arguments in 80 questions. Visit the site today and decide for yourself: "Should euthanasia be legal?"

4/8/2005 - April ProCon.org Poll - Visit our parent site www.ProCon.org and help us select the best slogan for the organization.

Visit the ProCon.org community on:

© 2014 ProCon.org, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit     |   233 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 200, Santa Monica, CA 90401    |    Tel: 310-451-9596